Bài tập mệnh đề quan hệ với giới từ

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Mệnh đề dục tình (mệnh đề tính từ) bắt đầu bằng các đại từ quan tiền hệ: who, whom, which, that, whose hay phần nhiều trạng từ quan lại hệ: why, where, when. Mệnh đề quan tiền hệ dùng để làm bổ nghĩa mang đến danh trường đoản cú đứng trước nó.

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Mệnh đề quan hệ (Relative clauses) là 1 trong những chủ điểm kiến thức ngữ pháp quan trọng các bạn cần nắm vững trong tiếng Anh. Những bài thi đặc trưng như IELTS xuất xắc TOEIC thường ra đề trong một số chủ điểm sau: biệt lập cách thực hiện giữa “that” và “which” cũng giống như “that” cùng “what”. Trong bài viết này sẽ phân chia sẻ cụ thể cho chúng ta hiểu được về mệnh đề quan liêu hệ, phương pháp dùng mệnh đề quan hệ có giới từ, cấu tạo cách làm bài tập ( Relative Clauses).

1. Bắt tắt lại kiến thức


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Các dạng bài xích tập về đại từ tình dục phổ biến

Dạng 2: điền vào vị trí trống

Dạng này đề bài xích người ta cho sẵn một câu đã làm được nối cùng với nhau tuy vậy chừa địa điểm trống để thí sinh điền đại từ quan hệ giới tính vào. Quá trình làm dạng này như sau:

Bước 1: nhìn danh từ vùng trước (kế bên chỗ trống) xem fan hay đồ vật (hoặc cả hai):

Nếu trang bị thì ta điền which / that.

The dog __________ runs …..( thấy phía đằng trước là dog đề xuất dùng which / that).

Nếu là: reason, cause thì dùng why.

The reason ________ he came … (dùng why).

Nếu là thời gian thì dùng when.Nếu là nơi chốn thì sử dụng where.

Lưu ý:

When, where, why không cai quản từ, cho nên nếu ta thấy phía sau chưa có chủ trường đoản cú thì ta đề nghị dùng which / that chứ không được dùng when, where, why.

Do you know the city _______ is near here?

Ta phân biệt city là địa điểm chốn, mà lại đừng nhanh chóng điền where vào. Hãy quan sát tiếp phía sau với ta thấy ko kể nó là is ( cồn từ ) có nghĩa là chữ is đó chưa có chủ từ, và chữ nhưng ta điền vào sẽ cai quản từ đến nó -> cần thiết điền where mà nên dùng which /that ( nếu không bị cấm kỵ )

-> vì you know the đô thị __which / that_____ is near here?

The house ________ i live in is nice.

Ta thấy house là chỗ chốn, nhưng lại không được điền where, chú ý sau thấy bạn ta còn chừa lại giới trường đoản cú in bắt buộc phải dùng which /that -> the house ___ which/that _____ i live in is nice

Nhưng đôi lúc người ta lại lấy giới từ lên để trước thì cũng không được dùng where nữa: the house in ___ which _____ i live is nice

Bước 3: ví như là tín đồ thì ta liên tiếp nhìn phía sau xem gồm chủ tự chưa? Nếu có chủ từ bỏ rồi thì ta cần sử dụng whom / that, nếu chưa có chủ tự thì ta điền who / that.

Lưu ý: giả dụ thấy phía sau quanh đó chỗ trống là 1 trong danh đứng một mình thì đề xuất xem xét nghĩa xem có phải là sở hữu không, nếu buộc phải thì cần sử dụng whose.

The man ________son studies at …..

Ta thấy chữ son đứng một mình không tồn tại a, the ,.. Cần sẽ nghĩ rằng sở hữu, dịch test thấy chính xác là sở hữu sử dụng whose (người lũ ông mà con trai của ông ta).

=> the man ____( whose )____son studies at …..

Bước 4: giả dụ phía trước vừa có người + đồ vật thì phải dùng that: the man and his dog that ….

5. Bài xích tập vận dụng

Bài 1: Điền vào chỗ trống who, which or that

Điền vào chỗ trống mệnh đề xác minh và không xác minh who, which or that

The men _______ lives next-door are English.The dictionary _______ you gave me is very good.Do you know the girls _______ are standing outside the church?The police are looking for the thief _______ got into my house last night.The chocolate _______ you lượt thích comes from the United States.I have lost the necklace _______ my mother gave me on my birthday.A burglar is someone _______ breaks into a house & steals things.Buses _______ go lớn the airport every half hour.I can’t find the key _______ opens this door.I gave you a book _______ had many pictures.I don’t lượt thích the boy _______ Sue is going out with.Did you see the beautiful dress _______ she wore yesterday?The man _______ she is going khổng lồ marry is very rich.This is the ngân hàng _______ was robbed yesterday.He wore a mask _______ made him look like Mickey Mouse.

Bài 2: Điền mệnh đề quan hệ giới tính who, which or whose

Điền vào vị trí trống mệnh đề tình dục who, which or whose

He arrived with a friend ______ waited outside in the car.The man ______ sản phẩm điện thoại was ringing and did not know what to lớn do.The oto ______ the robbers escaped in was a BMW.The woman ______ daughter was crying & tried khổng lồ calm her down.The postman ______ works in the village is very old.The family’s ______ car was stolen last week by the Smiths.The cowboy ______ is wearing a red shirt and looks very funny.A bus is a big oto ______ carries lots of people.The volunteers, ______ enthusiasm was obvious, finished the work quickly.Children ______ lượt thích music are often good at mathematics.The engineers ______ designed the building and received an award.The girl ______ recited the poem is my niece.The townspeople, ______ pride in their community is well- known, raised enough money to build a new town hall.The Pacific Ocean, ______ might have been crossed by raft during the Stone Age, is the world’s largest ocean.The newspaper to ______ we subscribe is delivered regularly.

Bài 3: Đặt who/ whom/ which/ that/ where….

Đặt who/ whom/ which/ that/ where….vào nơi trống dưới đây

The parents thanked the woman ____had saved their sonThe factory _____closed last week had been there for many yearsTwo men, neither of _____I had been before, came into my office.I lượt thích the ice-cream ____they sell in that shopHe ate the food _____ no one else wantedJohn has got a new điện thoại phone ____ takes photosThe village _____ I ran out of petrol didn’t have a petrol stationThe job for _____she has applied is in LondonJohn sold his computer, _____he no longer need, to his cousinTeddy has two cars, one of ____ is very expensive.

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Bài 4: Rút gọn gàng mệnh đề quan hệ

1. The first boy has just moved. He knows the truth.

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……

2. I don’t remember the man. You said you met him at the canteen last week.

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……

3. The only thing is how to go home. It makes me worried.

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……

4. The most beautiful girl lives in the city. I like her long hair very much.

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……

5. He was Tom. I met him at the bar yesterday.

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……

6. The children often go swimming on Sundays. They have more free time then.

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……

7. They are looking for the man and his dog. They have lost their way in the forest.

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……

8. The tree has lovely flowers. The tree stands near the gate of my house.

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……

9. My wife wants you to come khổng lồ dinner. You were speaking to lớn my wife

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……

10. The last man has just returned from the farm. I want khổng lồ talk khổng lồ him at once.

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……

11. The students will be awarded the present. The students’ reports are very valuable.

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. …..

12. The book was a lovely story. I was reading it yesterday.

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……

13. The botanist will never forget the day. He found a strange plant on that day.

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……

14. Someone is phoning you. He looked for you three hours ago.

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……

15. The man works for my father’s company. The man’s daughter is fond of dancing.

………………………………………….. ………………………………………….. ……

Bài 5: Viết lại câu sử dụng mệnh đề quan hệ

He worked for a woman. She used to lớn be an artist.They called a doctor. He lived nearby.I wrote an email to my sister. She lives in Italy.Linh liked the waiter. He was very friendly.We broke a car. It belonged khổng lồ my uncle.Ba dropped a cup. It was new.Nam loves books. They have happy endings.I live in a city. It is in the north of Vietnam.The man is in the class. He is wearing a blue hat.The woman works in a hospital. She is from India.My sister has four sons. She lives in Japan.The man was rude. He was wearing a red shirt.The phone is on the table. It belongs khổng lồ An.The TV got broken. It was my grandfather’s.The radio was stolen. It was bought 35 years ago.The girl gave Binh his phone. She is his daughter.This is the laptop. My mother has just bought it.That’s the man. His oto is a Ferrari.I know the woman. She lives upstairs.It’s the dog. I always talk to lớn him at night.She opened the cupboard. She kept her best glasses in there.This is the house. General Giap lived here.The flight was canceled. We were going to take it.I saw the lady in the shop. She was Vicki Zhao.The man is a director. His dog is sick.My violin is missing. It was my birthday present.I first learned English from a book. I’ve just reread it.The police officer has just arrested a man. He robbed the bank.These are the shoes. I bought them at HCMC.

Bài 6: phối hợp hai câu bằng phương pháp sử dụng mệnh đề quan hệ

She bought the car. Her father had recommended it.He lost the pen. I had given it to him.We called the delivery company. Nga often uses it.Lam met a girl. I used to employ her.Chi called the lawyer. My mother knows him.He brought a woman. I worked with her last year.We employed the pianist. Nhị introduced her.The cake is on the table. I bought it.The book belongs khổng lồ Lan. Và found it under the chair.The food was delicious. Huy cooked the food.The xe đạp was stolen. My parents gave me a bike.The man was arrested. I reported him lớn the police.The teacher was right. Ngan asked him about her problem.The writer was very pretty. My brother dated her.The secretary is in the office. Dzung likes her.We ate food. I bought the food.

Đáp án đề luyện tập về mệnh đề quan liêu hệ

Bài 1: Điền vào vị trí trống mệnh đề khẳng định và không xác minh who, which or thatThe men ___who___ lives next-door are English.The dictionary ___which___ you gave me is very good.Do you know the girls ___who___ are standing outside the church?The police are looking for the thief ___who___ got into my house last night.The chocolate ___which___ you lượt thích comes from the United States.I have lost the necklace ___which___ my mother gave me on my birthday.A burglar is someone ___that___ breaks into a house & steals things.Buses ___that___ go to the airport run every half hour.I can’t find the key ___which___ opens this door.I gave you a book ___which___ had many pictures.I don’t lượt thích the boy ___who___ Sue is going out with.Did you see the beautiful dress ___which___ she wore yesterday.The man ___whom___ she is going to lớn marry is very rich.This is the bank ___which___ was robbed yesterday.He wore a mask ___which___ made him look lượt thích Mickey Mouse.Bài 2: Điền vào nơi trống mệnh đề quan hệ who, which or whoseHe arrived with a friend ___who___ waited outside in the car.The man ___whose___ điện thoại was ringing did not know what to do.The oto ___which___ the robbers escaped in was a BMW.The woman ___whose___ daughter was crying tried to lớn calm her down.The postman ___who___ works in the village is very old.The family ___whose___ oto was stolen last week is the Smiths.The cowboy ___who___ is wearing a red shirt looks very funny.A bus is a big oto ___which___ carries lots of people.The volunteers, ___whose___ enthusiasm was obvious, finished the work quickly.Children ___who___ lượt thích music are often good at mathematics.The engineers ___who___ designed the building received an award.The girl ___who___ recited the poem is my niece.The townspeople, ___whose___ pride in their community is well-known, raised enough money lớn build a new town hall.The Pacific Ocean, ___which___ might have been crossed by raft during the Stone Age, is the world’s largest ocean.The newspaper to ____which___ we are delivered regularly.Bài 3: Đặt who/ whom/ which/ that/ where…. Vào nơi trốngThe parents thanked the woman _who/that___had saved their sonThe factory _which/that____closed last week had been there for many yearsTwo men, neither of __whom___I had been before, came into my office.I like the ice-cream __that/which__they sell in that shopHe ate the food __that/which___ no one else wantedJohn has got a new di động phone _that/which___ takes photosThe village __where___ I ran out of petrol didn’t have a petrol stationThe job for _which____she has applied is in LondonJohn sold his computer, __which___he no longer need, to lớn his cousinTeddy has two cars, one of __which__ is very expensive.Bài 4: Rút gọn gàng mệnh đề quan liêu hệThe first boy who knows the truth has just moved.I don’t remember the man whom you said you met at the canteen last week.The only thing which makes me worried is how khổng lồ go home.The most beautiful girl, whose long hair I like very much, lives in this city.The man whom I met at the bar yesterday was Tom.The children often go swimming on Sundays when they have much không tính tiền time.They’re looking for the man và his dog that have lost the way in the forest.The tree which stands near the gate of my house has lovely flowers.My wife, whom you were speaking to, wants you khổng lồ come khổng lồ dinner.I want to lớn talk khổng lồ the last man who has just returned from the farm.The students whose reports are very valuable will be awarded the present.The book which I was reading yesterday was a lovely story.The botanist will never forget the day when he found a strange plant.The person who looked for you three hours ago is phoning you.The man whose daughter is fond of dancing works for my father’s company.Bài 5: Viết lại câu thực hiện mệnh đề quan liêu hệHe worked for a woman who used to be an artistThey called a doctor who lived nearbyI wrote an e-mail to my sister who lives in ItalyLinh liked the very friendly waiter.We broke a oto that belonged to my uncle.Ba dropped a new cup.Nam loves books that have happy endings.I live in a thành phố that is in the north of Vietnam.The man who is wearing a blue hat is in the class.The woman who is from India works in a hospital.My sister who lives in nhật bản has four sons.The man who was wearing a red shirt was rude.The phone that belongs to lớn An is on the table.The TV that was my grandfather’s got broken.The radio that was bought 35 years ago was stolen.The girl who gave Binh his phone is his daughter.This is the máy tính xách tay which my mother has just bought.That’s the man whose car is a Ferrari.I know the woman who lives upstairsIt’s the dog that I always talk lớn at night.She opened the cupboard where she kept her best glasses.This is the house where General Giap lived.The flight that we were going lớn take was canceled.The lady that I saw in the shop was Vicki Zhao.The man whose dog is sick is a director.The violin that was missing was my birthday present.I’ve just reread the book which I first learned English from.The police officer has just arrested the man who robbed the bank.These are the shoes that I bought in HCMC.

Trên đây là tổng thể nội dung của Mệnh đề quan hệ – Relative clauses và bài tập có đáp án. Việc mày mò về mệnh đề quan hệ tình dục rất té ích. Ko chỉ giúp bạn trong những bài kiểm tra quan trọng mà đây còn là điểm ngữ pháp liên tiếp áp dụng trong bài bác thi IELTS Writing, trong khi còn rèn cho chính mình kỹ năng giao tiếp tốt. Chúc các bạn ôn rèn luyện tốt!